**A Specific Learning Disability in Math (or Dyscalculia)** is a learning difference that makes it hard for someone to understand and work with numbers. People with **SLD in Math** might struggle to add or subtract numbers, remember multiplication tables, understand fractions, handle money, or understand time. It can make math class feel challenging and frustrating.

## Characteristics of SLD in Math

## & Dyscalculia Checklist

## 1. Difficulty Understanding Numbers:

Struggles to understand what numbers mean.

Finds it hard to count or remember number sequences.

**Example:** Sarah struggles to understand the difference between "3" and "30" when reading them aloud or writing them down. She may not know that 30 is more than 3.

## 2. Trouble with Basic Math Operations:

Difficulty adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing.

Makes frequent mistakes in math calculations.

Counts on fingers at an age where this would be unexpected.

**Example:** John often makes mistakes when adding or subtracting numbers, such as getting the answer wrong when calculating 7 - 4.

## 3. Trouble Grasping Math Concepts:

Finds it hard to understand mathematical concepts like fractions, decimals, or percentages.

**Example:** Michael struggles to understand fractions, finding it hard to grasp the concept that 1/2 is the same as 0.5 or that 1/4 is smaller than 1/2.

## 4. Difficulty with Math Symbols and Terms:

Confusion with math symbols like +, -, x, ÷.

Struggles with understanding math terms like "greater than" or "less than."

**Example:** Alex frequently confuses the plus (+) and minus (-) symbols, sometimes adding numbers when he's supposed to subtract.

## 5. Challenges with Learning Math Facts:

Finds it hard to memorize multiplication tables or other basic math facts.

**Example:** David finds it challenging to memorize multiplication tables, often forgetting the answers to basic multiplication problems like 6 x 7.

## 6. Struggles with Word Problems:

**Fi****nds it**hard to understand and solve word problems, even if they understand the math operations involved. Example: Susan finds it hard to figure out how many apples Sally has left if she had 8 apples and gave away 3.

## 7. Difficulty Estimating or Approximating:

Finds it hard to estimate quantities or sizes.

**Example:** Lily has trouble estimating how many objects are in a group without counting them one by one, even if there are only a few.

## 8. Poor Sense of Time:

Difficulty understanding the concept of time.

Struggles to read clocks or understand schedules.

**Example:** Emily has trouble reading analog clocks and often doesn't understand how long a certain period of time, like 15 minutes, actually is.

## 9. Challenges with Spatial Awareness:

Difficulty understanding spatial relationships, like left and right.

Struggles with geometry or visualizing shapes.

**Example:** Emma has difficulty understanding directions like "turn left" or "go right," often getting confused about which way to go.

## 10. Trouble Organizing Math Work:

Has difficulty organizing math problems on paper or keeping track of steps in multi-step problems.

**Example: **Michael has messy and disorganized math assignments with

jumbled numbers and calculations that are hard to follow.

## 11. Slow Math Processing Speed:

Takes longer than peers to complete math assignments or tests, even when trying their best.

**Example:** Alex takes much longer than his classmates to complete math tests, even though he studies and tries his best.

## 12. Inconsistent Math Skills:

Shows uneven math skills, excelling in some areas while struggling in others.

**Example:** Jason performs well in arithmetic but struggles with understanding geometry concepts like angles and shapes.

## 13. Avoidance of Math-related Activities:

Dislikes or avoids activities that involve math, like counting money or measuring.

**Example: **Thomas avoids participating in math games or activities in class, often finding excuses to skip or delay them.

These are just a few examples of the characteristics someone with SLD in Math might experience. It's important to remember that SLD in Math can vary from person to person, and individuals may experience a combination of these characteristics to differing degrees.

**If you recognize several of these signs in your child or yourself, it could be indicative of Specific Learning Disability in Math (Dyscalculia). **

**Don't hesitate to reach out for support and guidance from professionals who specialize in assisting individuals with Dyscalculia. **

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